Acid reflux and heartburn can be uncomfortable and disruptive to a person’s daily life. These conditions occur when stomach acid flows back into the oesophagus, causing a burning sensation in the chest and throat. While occasional episodes are common, frequent heartburn can indicate underlying issues and may require management. Here are some simple tips by the best gastroenterologists in Thakurpukur at Kasturi Medical Pvt Ltd. to help you manage acid reflux and heartburn effectively:

Dietary Modifications

Avoid trigger foods and beverages that can worsen symptoms, such as spicy foods, citrus fruits, caffeine, alcohol and carbonated drinks. Opt for smaller, more frequent meals to prevent overeating and reduce pressure on the stomach. Consider keeping a food diary to identify specific triggers and adjust your diet accordingly.

Lifestyle Changes

Maintain a healthy weight through regular exercise and a balanced diet to reduce pressure on the abdomen, which can help prevent acid reflux. Avoid lying down or bending over immediately after eating, as this can increase the risk of acid reflux. Also, elevate the head of your bed by placing blocks under the legs or using a wedge pillow to prevent acid from flowing back into the oesophagus while sleeping.

Meal Timing

According to doctors at a leading super speciality hospital in South Kolkata, it is essential to allow at least two to three hours between your last meal and bedtime to give your stomach time to empty and reduce the likelihood of nighttime heartburn. Also, instead of large evening meals, opt for lighter dinners that are easier to digest.

Quit Smoking

Smoking can weaken the lower oesophagal sphincter, the muscle that controls the opening between the oesophagus and stomach, leading to increased acid reflux symptoms. Quitting smoking can help alleviate heartburn and improve overall health.

Stress Management

Stress and anxiety can exacerbate acid reflux symptoms. Practice relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, yoga, or mindfulness to reduce stress and improve digestive health.

Over-the-Counter Medications

Antacids, such as calcium carbonate or magnesium hydroxide, can temporarily relieve heartburn by neutralizing stomach acid. H2 receptor blockers, like ranitidine or famotidine, and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), such as omeprazole or lansoprazole, can also reduce acid production in the stomach and alleviate symptoms over time. However, consult a healthcare professional before long-term use.

Natural Remedies

Herbal teas like chamomile or ginger tea may help soothe digestive discomfort and reduce acid reflux symptoms. Chewing gum after meals can stimulate saliva production, which helps neutralize acid and alleviate heartburn.

If you experience frequent or severe acid reflux symptoms, consult with the best gastroenterologists, as they may indicate underlying conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or a hiatal hernia. With proper management and lifestyle modifications, you can effectively control acid reflux and improve your quality of life. At Kasturi Medical Pvt. Ltd., we provide comprehensive healthcare services to support your digestive health and well-being. Contact us today for personalized guidance and treatment options.